NIOS Political Science 317 Free Solved Assignment 2022 – 23 (English Medium)

NIOS Free Solved Assignment 2022 – 2023

Political Science 317 Free Solved Assignment 2022 – 23

Tutor Marked Assignment

Senior Secondary

Max. Marks: 20

In this article, you will get Political Science 317 Free Solved Assignment 2022 – 23. You will solved assignment of other subjects in our page nios solved assignment 202-23.



(i) All questions are compulsory. The marks allotted for each question are given beside the questions.

(ii) Write your name, enrollment numbers, AI name, and subject on the first page of the answer sheet.

1. Answer any one of the following questions in about 40-60 words.        2

(a) Identify any two safeguards of Liberty.     (See Lesson-1)

Ans: Answer any one question

(b) State any two distinctions between nation and nationality.       (See Lesson-2)

Ans. The distinction between the nation and nationality is a thin one. Which can be summed up as follows:

(1) Nationality is a cultural term. It is a psychological, which is generated in a group of people having geographical unity and who belong to a common race, common history, religion, customs and traditions, economic interests and common hopes and aspirations. The people of a nationality must have a sense of unity. They must feel that they have something in common which differentiates them from other people. But nation is a people organised, a people united.

(2) Nationality is basically a cultural term; it is ‘political’ only incidentally as Hayes tells us. Nation is basically a political term, cultural only incidentally. This, however, does not mean that nationality is not political and nation is not cultural/concepts.

2. Answer any one of the following questions in about 40-60 words.      2

(a) Mention any two objectives of the preamble of the Indian constitution.       (See Lesson-5)

Ans: The Preamble to the Constitution of India is a well drafted document which states the philosophy of the constitution. Its main objectives are:

a) To declare India to be a Sovereign Socialist Secular Democratic Republic and a welfare state

b) To secure justice, liberty and equality for the people and for promoting fraternity, dignity the individual, and unity and integrity of the nation.

The preamble is the key to the constitution. It states in nutshell the nature of Indian state and the objectives it is committed to secure for the people.

(b) Elaborate limitations to the office of the Chief Vigilance Commissions.     (See Lesson-6)

Ans: Answer any one question

3. Answer any one of the following questions in about 40-60 words.      2

(a) List out any two advantages of the proportional representation system.       (See Lesson-17)

Ans: Answer any one question

(b) Mention any two functions of the World Bank.    (See Lesson-32)

Ans: The International Bank for Reconstruction and development (IBRD) generally known as the ‘World Bank’. This bank was established as a result of the deliberations at the economic conference held at Breton Woods in July 1944.

The functions of World Bank are:

a) It grants loans for long and medium term loans which are divided into two ways – Reconstruction loans and development loans. The first is given to countries damaged by the war, the second to all countries who require such loans for development purpose.

b) The quantities of loans, interest rate and terms and conditions are determined by the bank itself.

4. Answer any one of the following questions in about 100-150 words.      4

(a) Examine the role played by caste in Indian politics.     (See Lesson-22)

Ans. Caste began to play an important role after independence as its involvement in politics increased. The fact that it existed as easily identifiable social cluster of people made it an easy object of political mobilization by political parties in their quest for political support and votes. While the political parties sought to exploit caste for its own electoral purposes, caste groups by making politics their sphere of activity got a chance to assert their identity and bargain for benefits and position in society. Thus, caste and politics interaction has been a two-way process.

(a) In politicizing the castes, the caste associations played a crucial role. Caste associations were quasi-voluntary associations in the sense that its membership was open only to the individuals of the caste community. These associations sere formed to secure economic benefits or educational openings or for more clearly political purpose of uniting to fight the hegemony of the upper castes. In either case, involvement in politics was considered necessary for securing the specific purpose for which they were formed. Thus, once formed on the basis of caste identity, caste associations went on to acquire non-caste functions.

(b) In electoral politics the role of the caste in politics has become powerful. This can be seen at all levels of the political process of the country. Al political parties tend to give party ticket to candidates for contesting elections form amongst the numerically or otherwise dominant caste in every constituency. Major caste groups get representation in the council of ministers. Be it elections, political appointments or even formation of political poetries, caste has been the major consideration.

(b) Discuss original jurisdiction of the High court in India.      (See Lesson-15)

Ans: Answer any one question

5. Answer any one of the following questions in about 100-150 words.       4

(a) Examine the main functions of the Prime Minister’s office.   (See Lesson-36)

Ans. The Prime Minister is appointed by the President but the President does not have freedom in the selection of the Prime Minister. Normally the President has to invite leader of the majority party to form the government. In case no single party is in clear majority, the President invites the person who is likely to command support of two or more parties which make up majority in the Lok Sabha.

The Prime Minister is the most important and powerful functionary of the Union Government.

a) The Prime Minister being the head of the Council of Ministers, selects the Ministers to be sworn in by the President. The Ministers in fact are chosen by the Prime Minister and remain Ministers as long as they enjoy the confidence of the Prime Minister. The Prime Minister distributes portfolios among Ministers.

b) The Prime Minister presides over the meetings of the Cabinet and conducts its proceedings. As head of the Cabinet, he/she largely influences the decisions of the Cabinet. The Prime Minister co-ordinates the working of various ministers. The President resolves disagreement if any amongst different Ministers. Prime Minister  is the link between the president and Minister.

c) The Prime Minister is the “principal spokesman” and defender of the policies of the Government in the Parliament. When any Minister is unable to defend his/her actions properly, the Prime Minster comes to the help of that Minister both inside and outside the Parliament.

d) The Prime Minister has a special status both in the Government and in the Parliament. This makes him/her the most powerful functionary. His/her position and powers depend upon his/her personality. A person of the stature of Jawaharlal Nehru or Indira Gandhi, is always more effective than a person who lacks vision or depends on support from outside.

(b) Analyze the Indo-Russian relations in the post-cold war phase.      (See Lesson-27)

Ans: Answer any one question

6. Prepare any one project out of the given below:        6

(a) Identify and account constitutional awareness of the people of your locality. Discuss with at least 20 persons in your locality to know their opinions on the objectives of the Indian Constitution. Use the table given below:


Name of Person

Objective of the Indian constitution

People response on objectives of the Indian constitution

















































































On the basis of this information draw your conclusions.     (See Lesson-5)

(b) Undertake a survey of 20 families of your neighborhood, and make two headings on the basis of below given information.

(i) Make a list of major human rights available to citizens as per the Indian constitution.

(ii) Challenges faced by people in the realization of the major human rights listed in the constitution.

On the basis of this survey draw your conclusions.      (See Lesson-25)

Ans: Solution: WE have many human rights given by our Constitution. But there are many challenges to this right. I have undertaken a survey of 20 families in my neighborhood and collect the following data of challenges to human  rights:

List of Major Human Rights

Major Challenges

Right to life

There is always threat to life of innocent people from anti-social element due to poor police service.

No Torture and inhuman treatment

Torture and inhuman treatment with poor and backward caste people due to lack of strict legal punishment

Equal before the law

It is a well-known fact that rich and powerful people are facilitated by law.

Right to treated fair by court

Fair treatment in court is not possible due to corrupt judiciary system.

No unfair detainment

Corrupt bureaucracy and lack of strict action against anti-social element

Right to privacy

Social media is now a big challenge to right to privacy.

Freedom to movement and residence

Caste and state politics is a major challenge to this right.

Right to nationality

Lack of proper documentation

Rights to marry and have family

Poor financial condition and lack of job opportunity

Freedom of thought and religion

Extremists are the major challenge to this right

Freedom of opinion and expression

Weaker section of our society do not have freedom of opinion and expression

Right to democracy

Poverty, health care, low literacy rate, over population, unemployment are prevalent in most parts of India, hampering national progress

Right to work

Lack of job opportunity due to high population

Right to social security

Lack of awareness about savings and investments

Right to rest and holiday

Private sector employees do have this benefit

Right to education

Lack of government school and quality teachers

Right of cultural and art

Regional politics is the major challenge to this right

No Slavery

In rural areas, money lenders are taking the advantage of poor people

Innocent until proved guilty

Corrupt and lazy judicial system of our country

Right to own things

Lack of capital and regular income source

From the above survey, I find that almost every family feel that though we have human rights but our Government, Judiciary and bureaucracy is not able to deliver that to the human being. Corruption, poverty, high population and politics is considered to be major challenges to our human rights.

So, Finally you reached the end of the post. Hope you like Political Science 317 Free Solved Assignment 2022 – 23. You will solved assignment of other subjects in our page nios solved assignment 202-23. Visit Official website of NIOS for details about assignment.


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