NIOS Social Science 213 Free Solved Assignment [TMA] 2022 – 23 (English Medium)

NIOS Free Solved Assignment  [TMA] 2022 – 2023

Social Science 213 Free Solved Assignment [TMA] 2022 – 23

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In this article, you will get Social Science 213 Free Solved Assignment [TMA] 2022-23. You will solved assignment of other subjects in our page nios solved assignment 202-23.

Social Science 213 Free Solved Assignment


(i) All questions are compulsory. The marks allotted for each question are given beside the questions.

(ii) Write your name, enrollment numbers, AI name and subject on the first page of the answer sheet.

1. Answer any one of the following questions in about 40- 60 words.         2

(a) Identify any two material remains of Medieval India, and explain how they will help you to understand the history of that period.           (See Lesson-2)

Ans: Answer any one question

(b) Analyse any two reasons responsible for the rise of Jainism and Buddhism in India.  (See Lesson-1)

Ans: Cause of Rise of Jainism and Buddhism in India:

a) Religious unrest in India: The primary cause for the rise of Jainism and Buddhism was the religious unrest in India in the 6th century B.C. The complex rituals and sacrifices advocated in the Later Vedic period were not acceptable to the common people. 

b) Rigid Caste system: Other than the religious factor, social and economic factors also contributed to the rise of these two religions. The rigid caste system prevalent in India generated tensions in the society. Higher classes enjoyed certain privileges which were denied to the lower classes.

2. Answer any one of the following questions in about 40- 60 words.

(a) ‘Biodiversity is very significant for the survival of human beings’. Discuss any two points in support of this argument. (See Lesson-11)

Ans.: The following are the four reasons why biodiversity is important for us:

a) Wildlife support healthy ecosystems that we rely on: Conservation researchers Paul R., and Anne Ehrlich posited in the 1980s that species are to ecosystems what rivests are to a plane’s wing. Losing one might not be a disaster, but each loss adds to the likelihood of a serious problem.

b) Biodiversity is an essential part of the solution to climate change: Nature can provide more than 30 percent of the solution to climate change by holding global warming below 2 degrees Celsius and biodiversity is an essential part of the picture.

(b) ‘Moving faster towards urbanization has its own consequences’. Justify the statement.  (See Lesson-14)

Ans: Answer any one question

3. Answer any one of the following questions in about 40-60 words.        2

(a) Examine the importance of public opinion in a democracy.      (See Lesson-22)

Ans: The role of public opinion in a democracy is ultimately decided by the result of the struggle between belief and fact. Owing to subtle manipulation of the opinion-forming processes by interested groups, a fundamental distinction has taken place in recent times between what is and what people believe to be.

Facts are misrepresented without scruple, and appeals are made frequently to the blind emotions and prejudices of the people. The process of corruption of facts becomes complete when exclusively a powerful group or a capitalist controls the major opinion forming agencies like newspaper and radio.

If government is to be really responsible the value preferences of the governed, “Maclver observes, that no opinion-group lacks reasonable opportunity to find avenues through which it can without prejudice, reach the public ear.” 

(b) Illustrate any two factors to promote national integration.    (See Lesson-24)

Ans: Answer any one question

4. Answer any one of the following questions in about 100 -150 words.         4

(a) The medieval period saw two new religions in India i.e. Sikhism and Islam. These religions have influenced our society tremendously. Analyse.      (See Lesson-2)

Ans: Answer any one question

(b) Analyse the different types of farming in India. On the basis of your analysis suggest which types of farming will be suitable for your area. Give any four reasons in support of your suggestive types of farming.       (See Lesson12)

Ans: Types of farming in India:

1. Subsistence farming: This is a small scale farming which is done in traditional way to grow enough foods for own family. This is mainly practiced in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar.

2. Intensive Farming: This type of farming uses large amount of fertilizers and pesticides to increase crop production.

3. Organic Farming: Organic farming is the process of producing food naturally. This method avoids the use of synthetic chemical fertilizers. It is very eco-friendly and very essential for sustainable development. It has a zero impact on environment.

4. Commercial farming: This type of farming involves cultivation of high value crops such as bananas, sugarcane, tea, coffee etc.

5. Live-stock farming: This type of farming raises animals such as cows, sheep, buffalo, goats for milk and other products.

Out of the above mentioned farming, Organic farming is most suitable for my area because it has many benefits. Some of them are given below:

1. It substitutes costlier Chemical fertilizers with cheaper organic inputs.

2. It generates income through export as the demand, for organically grown crops are on the raise.

3. It provides healthy food as organically grown food has more nutritional value.

4. Organic food is a pesticide free and is produced in an environmentally sustainable way.

5. Answer any one of the following questions in about 100 -150 words.              4

(a) Analyze the impact of the 73rd Constitutional Amendment Act 1992 on the Panchayati Raj System.          (See Lesson-18)

Ans: Answer any one question

(b) List constitutional values embedded in the Preamble of the Indian constitution.   (See Lesson-15)

Ans. As we know that the Constitution of India commences with a Preamble. The Preamble is like an introduction or preface of book. As an introduction, it is not a part of the contents but it explains the purposes and objectives with which the document has been written. So is the case with the ‘Preamble’ to the Indian Constitution. As such the ‘Preamble’ provides the guide lines of the Constitution.

The Preamble, in brief, explains the objectives of the Constitution in two ways: one, about the structure of the governance and the other, about the ideals to be achieved in independent India. It is because of this, the Preamble is considered to be the key of the Constitution.

The values expressed in the Preamble are expressed as objectives of the Constitution. These are: sovereignty, socialism, secularism, democracy, republican character of Indian State, justice, liberty, equality, fraternity, human dignity and the unity and integrity of the Nation.

6. Prepare any one project out of the given below:           6

(a) Conduct a survey of about 10 households in your area where you live in. Try to find out the sex ratio in three broad age groups. The survey can be conducted in the following format (Table):

Sl. No.

Broad Age

Group (Age)

Number of Males

Number of Females

Percentage of Total

Sex Ratio














0 – 14












15 – 59























On the basis of information given in the table, find out the sex ratio according to broad age groups. What is the trend of sex ratio according to age groups? Does it decline or increase? What would be the impact of these findings on our society? Prepare a report on status of sex ratio based on data.  (See Lesson-14)

Ans: Answer any one question

(b) Undertake a survey of 10 families in your neighborhoods and make two lists.

(i) Make a list of election related concerns in India.

(ii) Make a list of the electoral reforms suggested by people.

On the basis of this survey, illustrate your conclusions.     (See Lesson-22)

Ans: Municipal corporation election is going on in our town. I have surveyed 10 families. While discussing with them, I found some concerns relating to election.

(i) List of election related concern in India


Their concern

Family 1

Political Violence

Family 2

Communalism and casteism

Family 3

Criminalization of Politics

Family 4

Criminalization of Politics

Family 5


Family 6

Gender Discrimination

Family 7


Family 8

Communalism and Casteism

Family 9

Political Violence

Family 10

Criminalization of Politics

 (ii) While raising concern over election, they have also suggested some correcting measures which are given below:


Suggestive measures

Gender discrimination

It is now being recognized that the goals of democracy “of the people, for the people and by the people” cannot be fully realized if the female population are not included in all ways in the processes of socio-economic and political development.

That is why, besides constitutional provisions, several laws has to enacted, policies have to be made and implemented, and institutional reforms have to be carried out for the development of women

Criminalization of Politics

Candidates of criminal background must not be given ticket to fight election by various political parties.


Appointment of Jan lokpal and strict action against officials involved in corruption

Communalism and casteism

Communal harmony should be created amongst various religions and castes by organising community meet.

Political violence

Proper police force and special task force must be arranged during election.

After conduction survey I found that most of the family is mainly concerned about criminalization of politics and violence during election. Overall, they believe that Election Commission of India is nicely managing election and cases of violence is very low as compared to previous election.

So, Finally you reached the end of the post. Hope you like Social Science 213 Free Solved Assignment [TMA] 2022-23. You will solved assignment of other subjects in our page nios solved assignment 202-23. Visit Official website of NIOS for details about assignment.


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