NIOS History 315 Free Solved Assignment [TMA] 2022 – 23 (English Medium)

NIOS Free Solved Assignment  [TMA] 2022 – 2023

History 315 Free Solved Assignment [TMA] 2022 – 23

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In this article, you will get History 315 Free Solved Assignment [TMA] 2022-23. You will solved assignment of other subjects in our page nios solved assignment 202-23.

History 315 Free Solved Assignment


(i) All questions are compulsory. The Marks allotted for each question are given beside the questions.

(ii) Write your name, enrolment numbers, AI name, and subject on the first page of the answer sheet.

1. Answer any one of the following questions in about 40-60 words.      2

a) Examine the role of Dhamma for consolidation of Ashok Empire.       (See Lesson-5)

Ans: Dhamma means ‘to uphold’, and therefore it is central to Buddhist belief as it ‘holds up’ the religion and Buddhists may also believe that it upholds the natural order of the universe.

Ashoka introduces Dhamma in his religious policy and he was able to maintain peace and order throughout his reign and no solid evidence of communal discord has been found during his reign.

Ashoka pleaded for tolerance of different religious sects in an attempt to create a sense of harmony. The policy of Dhamma also laid stress on non-violence, which was to be practiced by giving up war and conquests and also as a restraint on the killing of animals.

b) Mention the causes of conflict between the three powers during 750-1000 AD.     (See Lesson-8)

Ans: Answer only one question

2. Answer any one of the following questions in about 40-60 words.       2

a) Analyse the reasons why it is important to have an equitable global distribution of wealth?   (See Lesson-26)

Ans: Equitable global distribution of wealth is important because it allows for a fairer economic system. Some of the importance of equitable global distribution of wealth are given below:

1. Reduced social problems. When incomes are distributed in an equitable way, there is less social friction. Thus governments can enjoy a level of social peace and stability.

2. Standard of living. The equitable distribution of income allows for all citizens to enjoy high standards of living.

3. Economic growth. Poorer individuals have a higher marginal propensity to consume (MPC) because they have more essential goods and services that they need to buy compared to the rich. A more equal distribution of income allows these individuals to consume more and thus this spurs economic growth.

b) How transition took place from early kingdom to a well-developed state system? Examine the causes.      (See Lesson-29 A)

Ans: Answer only one question

3. Answer any one of the following questions in about 40-60 words.         2

a) Socialist system is the most prominent opponent of capitalist system. Comment on this statement.      (See Lesson-27)

Ans: In the socialist or centrally planned economies all the productive resources are owned and controlled by the government in the overall interest of the society.

The institution of private property is abolished and no individual is allowed to own any production unit and accumulate wealth and transfer it to their heirs. However, people may own some durable consumer goods for their personal use.

The institutions of private property and inheritance are at the root of inequalities of income and wealth in a capitalist economy. By abolishing these twin institutions, a socialist economic system is able to reduce the inequalities of incomes. It is important to note that perfect equality in income and wealth is neither desirable nor practicable.

b) Even though the downfall of the Mughal Empire has been assigned to the later Mughals, but the seeds had already been sown during the reign of Jahangir and Shahjahan itself. How do you think the later Mughals led to the decline of the Mughal Empire?           (See Lesson-15)

Ans: Answer only one question

4. Answer any one of the following questions in about 100-150 words.        4

a) Differentiate between the tools of the Paleolithic and Neolithic period.      (See Lesson-2)

Ans: Palaeolithic age (old stone age): This particular phase is marked by the timeline 20 lakh BC to 1 lakh BC. This age was the contemporary of ice age. there was no settled life and people used to be hunters & food gatherers. they used very crude & large tools of stone. There was the use of hand axes, cleavers & choppers for digging, skinning & chopping respectively. Important sites of this phase are: Didwana in Rajasthan, Mirzapur in Uttar Pradesh, Bhimbetka in Madhya Pradesh, Soan valley in Pakistan.

NEOLITHIC AGE (NEW STONE AGE) : This age relates to period from 40,000 BCE to 10,000 BCE. During this period, the stone tools became BETTER, SHARPER, LIGHTER AND SMALLER. (as compared to mesolithic age). The special feature of this age is the emergence of HOMO SAPIENS (wiser people than Homo Sapiens). The people also discovered FIRE in this AGE. SHARPER BLADES, NEEDLES, BURIN TOOLS, TOOLS MADE OF FLINT evolved. Important site: Kurnool caves in Andhra Pradesh.

b) Assess the impacts of British Economic Policy on Indian industries.      (See Lesson-17)

Ans: Answer any one question

5. Answer any one of the following questions in about 100-150 words.         4

a) Examine the relations between the regional states, and the Delhi Sultanate.     (See Lesson-11)

Ans: Answer any one question

b) Examine the factors leading to urbanization during 20th century in Europe. State with examples (See Lesson-22)

Ans: Initial urban population expansion was brought on by people and families moving into cities from the nearby countryside in pursuit of employment. The birth rate grew in cities, which caused the urban population to continue to rise naturally.

Urban Migration: Industrialization and urbanization became self-perpetuating processes. As more economic production was located in urban areas, more people followed in search of employment. As urban populations increased, economic resources flowed to the cities, where cheap labour was available and a necessary infrastructure developing. Statistics showing the shift in production from agriculture to industry and the shift in population from rural to urban environments illustrate the changes brought on by industrialization and urbanization. By 1850, industrial production in England employed three-quarters of the adult male population. Industrialization, however, was an uneven process. In most European countries throughout the nineteenth century, the majority of the adult population continued to work in agriculture. But the two processes of industrialization and urbanization continued to reshape European society. Between 1805 and 1911, the proportion of the French population living in cities increased from 25% to 44%; in Germany during the same period, urban population increased from 30% to 60%.

Population Growth: Cities grew as they became sites of industrial production, centers for banking and other financial networks, the intersections of continental trade routes, and access points for global empires. The growth in the urban population was initially caused by migration from the surrounding countryside into the cities as individuals and families came in search of jobs. Further growth of the urban population was the result of natural increase, as the birth rate in cities increased as well. The population of the city of London grew from less than two million in 1840 to more than four million by 1890, and then increased again to seven million by 1914. Other European cities experienced similar or even more rapid periods of growth.

6. Prepare any one project out of the given below:         6

a) Compare the condition of the farmers in British India, and in the present times. Is it same or different? What steps would you suggest to improve their condition?       (See Lesson-13)

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b) Make a list of various types of source material used by ancient historians.    (See Lesson-1)

Archaeological Sources

Literary Sources

Foreigner’s Account
















Ans: Answer any one question

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